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New Caledonia creates world’s largest nature reserve

New Caledonia creates world’s largest nature reserve
July 31, 2014

Covering an area larger than South Australia and Victoria combined, New Caledonia’s recently established Le Parc Naturel de la Mer De Corail (The Natural Park of the Coral Sea), has been created to protect the natural wealth of the French overseas territory.

Creation of the newly established sanctuary was an exemplary decision by the Government of New Caledonia, with the 1.3 million kilometres2 reserve becoming the world's largest protected area on land and sea. 

The marine sanctuary is home to a vast array of marine life, including 450,000 hectares of coral reefs, 48 different shark species, 25 mammal species, 19 nesting bird species and five sea turtle species, including the endangered green turtle. Its ocean floors are illuminated with more than 1.1 million acres of the vibrant coral reefs that give the sea its name, and its waters provide 3,000 tons of fish to New Caledonia’s inhabitants. 

Located 1,400 kilometres east of Brisbane and 1,800 kilometres north of Auckland, New Caledonia is home to the Grand Lagon Sud, the world’s biggest lagoon and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, as well as to the world’s second largest double-barrier reef, second in size to the Great Barrier Reef.

New Caledonia also has some of the richest biodiversity on Earth, which led its Government and conservation authorities to take measures to protect its natural treasures before there is a serious threat.

Currently, illegal fishing is the only concern, but potential increases in ship traffic from Queensland's resource ports and the continuance of deep-sea oil mining could harm the aquatic park in the future. 

Over the next three years, the new park will be separated into zones, some of which will be open to economic activities like fishing and tourist activities like snorkeling and swimming.

The park’s preservation marks a historic moment in marine conservation and is seen as presenting a considerable boost to New Caledonia's under developed tourism industry.

Click here to visit the New Caledonia Tourism website.

9th September 2012 - PACIFIC ISLAND NATIONS CREATE WORLD’S LARGEST MARINE PARK

15th July 2011 - NEW CALEDONIA SHOWS ITS HEART THROUGH NEW BRANDING

8th May 2011 - ‘MILLION-DOLLAR SHARKS’ BOOST PALAU TOURISM


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