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Australian Marine Conservation Society condemns NSW Government for slashing endangered shark protection

Australian Marine Conservation Society condemns NSW Government for slashing endangered shark protection
December 14, 2019

The Australian Marine Conservation Society (AMCS) and Humane Society International have condemned the lack of public consultation and decision by the NSW Government to open up Bateman’s Bay Marine Park on the NSW South Coast to fishing  - a habitat of the critically endangered grey nurse shark.  

Humane Society International’s scientific nomination secured the species its critically endangered protection.

The grey nurse shark survives at ten small critical habitat sites along the NSW coastline which have been protected as part of its Recovery Plan. The key threat to the species is recreational and commercial line fishing. The sharks are hooked accidentally, and also ingest the hooks retained by their prey species. The ingested hooks have long-lasting lethal and sub-lethal impacts, including septicaemia and an inability to reproduce[1].

NSW Fisheries Minister Adam Marshall has announced that five protected zones in the Bateman’s Bay Marine Park will be opened up for fishing, including the sanctuary zones of Montague Island. Sanctuary zones on the eastern and southern side of the island are critical habitat for the grey nurse shark and will now only be protected for six months of the year, leaving them exposed for the remainder.

The announcement comes just days after an independent report revealed that the grey nurse shark is among 11 threatened shark species in Australia that have not shown recovery despite their protection under law.[2]

Lawrence Chlebeck, HSI marine biologist advised “once again politics trumps science and conservation-protection for the critically endangered grey nurse shark needs to be increased not wound back.

“The species will never have any hope of recovery if key threats are allowed to operate in critical habitats. We must provide a sanctuary from hooks from which the species can rebuild.

“The decision to weaken protections for grey nurse shark in the Bateman’s Bay Marine Park without public consultation sidelines the wishes of everyone who is concerned about and cares deeply for the ecological health of our state’s marine life.

The east coast population of grey nurse sharks is listed as critically endangered, after catastrophic population declines in the 1960s that have been described as ‘quasi-extinctions’. Grey nurse sharks face the real threat of extinction as they reproduce very slowly, giving birth every two years to only two pups.[3]

The latest research indicates there are as few as 2167 grey nurse shark adults remaining on the east coast.[4]

Dr. Leonardo Guida, shark scientist and spokesperson at AMCS advised “Grey nurse sharks come together, live and breed at distinct aggregation sites along Australia’s east coast. With as few as 2100 adults remaining on the east coast and a handful of known aggregation sites, it is unequivocal that these critical habitats provide as much sanctuary as possible for the species to recover.”

[1] Otway, N.M., (2015) Serum biochemical reference intervals for free‐living Sand Tiger sharks (Carcharias taurus) from east Australian waters. Veterinary Clinical Pathology 44, 2, 262-274.

[2] www.abc.net.au/news/science/2019-12-12/11788812

[3] www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/factsheet-grey-nurse-shark-carcharias-taurus

[4] www.nespmarine.edu.au/news/sizing-australia%E2%80%99s-eastern-grey-nurse-shark-population

Related Articles

12th December 2019 - Conservation groups call for action on Australia’s endangered sharks

25th February 2019 - Battle to save embalmed great white shark at abandoned Victorian wildlife park

12th February 2019 - Smart Shark Management drumlines trialled across Sydney beaches

11th December 2018 - Shark receivers to be installed at Western Australian beaches

22nd September 2018 - Tiger sharks killed in wake of Whitsundays tourist attacks

5th September 2018 - New Zealand’s Tourism Industry Association call for law change to permit shark cage diving

18th March 2018 - NSW shark net trial kills endangered marine life

5th November 2017 - NSW coastal plan calls for stronger protections amid push for new marine park

30th July 2017 - Draft Federal Marine park management plan not just about conservation

8th January 2016 - Great white shark dies within three days in Japanese aquarium

30th September 2015 - Shark deterrents discussed at summit of world experts in Sydney

31st January 2015 - New app to help swimmers avoid sharks

23rd February 2014 - Recreational divers concerned over return of fishing in NSW marine parks

16th January 2014 - NSW Premier urged to exclude fishing in marine parks


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